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RELIEF WORK, REBUILDING IS UNDER WAY
Red Cross Asks For $150,000 Fund; National Guard Aids
Work; Victims Being Buried.
Dallas, May 8. - The deaths of five injured today brought the toll of dead in the tornadoes that swept sections of Central and South Texas Tuesday to 75. A number of other injured were not expected to recover.
The deaths were at Hillsboro, bringing the toll for that county to 16, and near Runge, where the deaths list was increased from 26 to 28.
The latest figures showed the following death toll; The storm area near Runge, 28; Frost, 22; Hill County, 16; near West, 2; San Antonio, 1; near Ennis, 3; Bronson, 2; Ottine, 1.
SOME NOT IDENTIFIED
Rehabillitation work was in full sway in the stricken sections and at Frost, carpenters were completing a large frame structure under which merchants of that place will endeavor to carry on their business until they have time to replace their own buildings.
Although not under martial law, guardsmen under orders from Governor Moody were at Frost aiding in clearing away wreckage and aiding in patrolling the devastated area.
Relief funds for the stricken communities were mounting, with some counties wiring that quotas assigned them had been raised.
Preparation for burying the dead was completed and this afternoon a mass funeral will be held at Frost the hardest hit of the towns struck.
The Red Cross last night appealed for $150,000 in Texas for the work and asked for gifts of clothes and food.
In Frost, Navarro County, where 22 persons out of 800 inhabitants lost their lives and practically the entire town was demolished, the cemetery was in the path of the twister and shattered tombstones had to be cleared away before graves could be prepared for the burial of storm victims.
Citizens of Corsicana nearby were leading in relief work and were assisting Frost citizens in erecting temporary business buildings and repairing the town's water system. Texas national guardsmen, in command of Maj. Horton Porter of Hillsboro, were patrolling the town.
COTS SENT TO FROST
Dallas County's Red Cross chapter yesterday sent 100 cots to Frost for people made homeless by the storm. The Red Cross also planned to assist in restocking farms and buying seed for replanting of crops.
Telegraph and telephone communication with the town was re-established yesterday.
Citizens of San Antonio, Cuero, Nordheim, Runge, Yorktown, and Kenedy, and all over South Texas were gathering relief forces for forty or fifty families left homeless near Nordheim and Runge in Karnes Country, where the tornado killed 30 persons and injured more than 20.
A haze of smoke yesterday hung like a ball over the storm area in Karnes and DeWitt counties from fires burning dead live stock and debris. Loss of live stock in the storm area was expected to amount to thousands of dollars.
Emergency hospitals were established in Nordheim and Runge for the physicians and nurses rushed from San Antonio and nearby town and several store rooms were turned into morgues for the dead.
Rapid operations were performed to save the lives of many persons maimed by flying debris and almost wholesale burials were held for those found mangled by the crushing wind.
Farmers whose homes were spared made a house-to-house check, going on horseback and in wagons through flooded roads and fields. As a wrecked house was found the bodies of the dead and injured were loaded into wagons and transported to the nearest town.
Communication lines to the Runge and Nordheim areas also were re-established yesterday.
Harry Rogers of Corsicana was in charge of reconstruction work at Frost, assisted by F. P. McElwrath, Tyree L. Bell, John T. Fortson, Joe B. Fortson, Clyde Foster and other Corsicanans.
A check today revealed 47 businesses houses demolished. Work on three large temporary buildings to be located between the depot and the man business section was launched. One of the buildings will be 50 by 300 feet in size and will be cut into compartments 20 by 50 feet to house the stocks of merchants.
Seventeen of the compartments were engaged Wednesday.
The other two buildings will be 75 by 50, and 50 by 50 feet each. They are to be constructed by Corsicana citizens.
These temporary buildings are to be used until the business section is rebuilt.
The work of salvaging wrecked stocks of merchandise began and both the First National and Citizens State banks have large crews aiding in the work. Frost citizens were busy repairing the town's water system.
Ted B. Ferguson, Corsicana, district manager of the Texas Power and Light Company today brought a check for $500 from John W. Carpenter, president of the Texas Power and Light Company, to be used toward the relief fund. Ferguson said service would be resumed today and that floodlights would be installed so that the salvaging work could continue during the night.
All derailed box cars on the railway have been righted and pulled away from town.
Needy persons were directed to the home of Doctor Knox, Red Cross relief director.
Relief work at Red Cross headquarters is being organized by Beauford H. Jester, W. P. Brown and L. V. Majors, of the American Legion.
Hillsboro citizens have a committee at Frost assisting in relief activities.
Dr. J. C. Anderson, state health officer and E. G. Eggert, state sanitary engineer, arrived here late Wednesday and surveyed the scene of the disaster. Eggert planned to remain several days to aid in solving sanitation problems.
Lieut J. D. Moffatt, Dallas, of the state highway patrol. E. D. Hinkle, member of the flying squadron, and State Patrolmen C. E. Talbot, R. M. Wallings, Wayne Davis, Jr., and M. R. Mallory arrived Wednesday and took charge of traffic direction.
Maj. E. T. Underwood of the adjutant general's office aided in completing military organization for relief and guard duty, acting as Governor Moody's representative.
About 100 Boy Scouts from Waxahachie, Hillsboro, Ennis, and Corsicana arrived Wednesday in trucks to aid in patrol and liaison work under the direction of W. G. Echols, district scout executive.
Between 40 and 50 families needed aid in the Karnes County storm district, but citizens of Nordheim, Runge, Yorktown, Kenedy and Cuero have contributed funds and the DeWitt County chapter's gift of $250 each to the mayors of Nordheim and Runge will care for emergency needs for a day or two.
Emergency hospitals were crowded at Nordheim and Runge. Physicians and nurses were rushed from San Antonio and nearby towns and several storerooms were turned into morgues for the dead.
IN KARNES AREA
One of the places hardest hit in the Karnes area was in the vicinity of the Eckhardt School community, where several farm houses were blown from their foundation and scattered for miles.
The H. A. Sturmer home was blown through the field with nothing but a doorstep to tell where the large house once stood. No one in the family was killed, but all were injured seriously.
Nearly 400 yards from the house a huge piece of roofing tin was wrapped around a tree much as a string is tied about a loaf of bread. Such pieces of roofing were carried for miles in the wind.
At one place near Nordheim a mile-wide path was torn in the brush up a sharp slope in the ground. At the top of the slope the home of Emil Huck was picked from the foundation and scattered in the wind against the home of Otto Fuhrken, Huck's son-in-law.
Wreckage of both homes was strewn for perhaps four city blocks down a slope before the wind lifted, clearing trees a half mile away. Mrs. Fuhrken was killed instantly and Mr. and Mrs. Huck and Fuhrken were injured seriously.
STOCK LOSS HEAVY
Stock valued at thousands of dollars on the Huck farm were killed, and funeral pyres were by neighbors in clearing the farm.
Grotesquely standing on the roof which was on the ground was a wooden leg and a child's teddy bear.
An oak tree more than 100 years old was stripped of every leaf and most of the branches. One section of the tree more than two feet in diameter was thrown 400 feet in the wind.
A new automobile was started down the road by the wind and ended a total wreck in a ditch far from the home.
One of the greatest tragedies occurred at the L. G. Duderstadt farm where nine of a family of 10 persons were killed in Stanley and their bodies blown more than 300 yards into a field from the top of a hill where the house stood.
The dead were in the family of Zaragosa Garcia and his wife, children, mother, mother-in-law, and son-in-law. Garcia himself was in the field and was saved although he was seriously injured when blown from a plow.
SITE WIPED CLEAN
The spot on the crown of the hill where the house stood was wiped clean, much as a child pats out a play house built in sand.
Timber and personal effects of the family was blown through the brush for miles. An automobile was lifted through the air for several hundred feet before being demolished in the field where the bodies were found.
Mr. and Mrs. Duderstadt were in Nordheim when the wind struck the farm. Their children, Warren, Wilmer, Minamae, Hazel and Martan were alone in the home just a short distance from the home of the Garcia family. Only the windmill of the farm was blown down although the cyclone passed directly over the house hundreds of feet in the are carrying wreckage of the Garcia home. None was injured.
Four in a family of eight on the J. W. Deborah farm three miles south of Runge were killed and the others injured when the house and all farm buildings were blown down. Mrs. Francisca Villareal and her three children were killed, and the father and three children were seriously injured.
Sebrera Villareal, age 3, cried for her mother as she lay in the emergency hospital at Runge. The child probably will recover, as will the others.
Seven persons of the Herrera family were killed on the Mrs. C. F. Grosse farm three miles south of Runge. The mother, Mrs. Maria Herrera, and four children were killed, and Mrs. Carmel Rodriguez and Rosa Nannez also were killed when their house blew away.
All uninjured persons joined in the search for dead and injured and missing neighbors. The search continued all night and until the Red Cross and other emergency groups started functioning. Few of the searchers slept all night Tuesday but stayed awake on hot coffee and sandwiches served from every eating house in the towns. Runge and Nordheim responded en massse to the appeals for aid, and shortly before noon a relief fund of several thousand dollars was raised from among the citizens.
The Runge Chamber of Commerce was made into a clearing station and clothes were gathered for distribution among the storm victims. A plea for funds and aid was sent Wednesday from the stricken area, where citizens worked side by side with physicians and nurses from the larger cities as far as San Antonio.
Communication was interrupted as the storm struck, and after the telephone and telegraph lines were restored a volume of business, which paralyzed the lines, was started.
The DeWitt County Chapter of the American Red Cross gave $250 each to the mayors of Runge and Nordheim for the emergency fund.
Greatest damage in Gonzales County was about 10 miles west of Gonzales, at Ottine, where the home of Sherman Clark, negro, living on the Henry Howell farm, was demolished and his 3-year-old daughter, Cleaven, was killed and a 5-year-old girl suffered a broken leg. The wife and three other children escaped with minor injuries. Several other negroes were injured, and the Negro Methodist Church was blown down.
A mule near Ottine was killed when a large piece of timber was blown through its body.
Victoria suffered only from rain and hailstones, which broke windows, crashed through roofs and tore automobile tops. The tornado tore a path through the Woods near the town. Crops were damaged by hail and rain.
A. D. Willborn, formerly of San Antonio, but now living near Runge, was stunned by a hailstone as he and his wife and small son lay on the ground in the brush beside their home as the storm struck. The father placed his large sombrero over his son's head to protect him from the large hailstones and the man was struck on top of the head and stunned. The family was uninjured.
San Antonio - May 8. - San Antonio is expected to contribute $10,000 of the $150,000 Red Cross relief fund to aid tornado sufferers in Texas. Steps were being taken today to launch a drive for that amount, and Douglas W. King, chairman of the Bexar County chapter of the Red Cross is in charge. The national Red Cross has assumed direction of the relief work in the area. Albert Evans, assistant national director, assumed charge of the work at Frost.
Governor Moody is expected to issue a proclamation calling upon citizens of Texas to aid in rehabilitating the devastated area.
SOCIETY TO CARE FOR ANIMAL STORM VICTIMS
Theodore Meyer, president of the Texas State Humane Association, announced Thursday that he received a wire from Mrs. Anna T. Burke, secretary of the Dallas County Humane Society, stating that a member of the Dallas Society had donated funds to care for all animals in the state needing it after the tornado.
Mrs. Burke wired the Red Cross in Frost to take charge of the work at the society's expense.
RED CROSS MAKES PLEA FOR FUNDS FOR STORM AREA
Houstonians were being asked Thursday to contribute to a relief fund for storm suffers in half a dozen Texas communities by the Harris County Chapter of the American Red Cross.
The appeal for funds was made by W. A. Paddock, chairman, Wednesday night. It is estimated that $150,000 will be needed in the Texas storm section, he said.
Contributions should be sent to the Harris County Chapter, 512 Marine Bank Building. Mr. Padlock said.
This is the first appeal for funds made by this chapter in two years. Mr. Paddock announced coincident with the request for help. The needs of the storm torn districts are urgent and the Midwestern section of the Red Cross already has made funds available for the work.
"The relief work will be done among residents of our own state, and this tragedy which has visited us brings the need for relief home to us with great force."
Mr. Paddock's action followed receipt of a telegram from William M. Baxter, Jr., director of the American Red Cross for the Middle West, with headquarters in St. Louis.
In the Wake of the Whirling Winds
Relief workers, toiling in the wake of the destructive cyclones that ravaged several sections of Texas late Tuesday, reported many freakish pranks of the wind and many miraculous escapes.