Research Aid for Death Certificates
and Mortality Schedules
Navarro County TXGenWeb


Mortality Schedule Information


Diseases found on Death Certificates

Ablepsy - Blindness

Ague - Malarial Fever

American plague - Yellow fever.

Anasarca - Generalized massive edema.

Aphonia - Laryngitis.

Aphtha - The infant disease "thrush".

Apoplexy - Paralysis due to stroke.

Asphycsia/Asphicsia - Cyanotic and lack of oxygen.

Atrophy - Wasting away or diminishing in size.

Bad Blood - Syphilis

Bilious fever - Typhoid, malaria, hepatitis or elevated temperature and bile emesis.

Biliousness - Jaundice associated with liver disease.

Black plague or death - Bubonic plague.

Black fever - Acute infection with high temperature and dark red skin lesions and high mortality rate.

Black pox - Black Small pox

Black vomit - Vomiting old black blood due to ulcers or yellow fever

Blackwater Fever - Dark urine associated with high temperature.

Bladder in Throat - Diphtheria (Seen on death certificates)

Blood poisoning - Bacterial infection; septicemia

Bloody flux - Bloody stools

Bloody sweat - Sweating sickness

Bone shave - Sciatica

Brain fever - Meningitis

Breakbone - Dengue fever

Bright's disease - Chronic inflammatory disease of kidneys

Bronze John - Yellow fever

Bule Boil - tumor or swelling.

Cachexy - Malnutrition

Cacogastric - Upset stomach

Cacospysy - Irregular pulse.

Caduceus - Subject to falling sickness or epilepsy.

Camp Fever - Typhus; aka Camp diarrhea

Canine Madness - Rabies, hydrophobia.

Canker - Ulceration of mouth or lips or herpes simplex.

Catalepsy - Seizures / trances.

Catarrhal - Nose and throat discharge from cold or allergy.

Cerebritis - Inflammation of cerebrum or lead poisoning

Chilblain - Swelling of extremities caused by exposure to cold

Child Bed Fever - Infection following birth of a child.

Chin Cough - Whooping cough.

Chlorosis - Iron deficiency anemia.

Cholera - Acute severe contagious diarrhea with intestinal lining sloughing.

Cholera mrbus - Characterized by nausea, vomiting, abdominal cramps, elevated temperature, etc. Could be appendicitis.

Cholecystitus - nflammation of the gall bladder

Cholelithiasis - Gall stones

Chorea - Disease characterized by convulsions, contortions and dancing.

Cold Plague - Ague which is characterized by chills

Colic - An abdominal pain and cramping

Congestive Chills - Malaria

Consumption - Tuberculosis.

Congestion - Any collection of fluid in an organ, like the lungs.

Congestive Chills - Malaria with diarrhea.

Congestive Fever - Malaria.

Corruption - Infection

Coryza - A cold

Costiveness - Constipation

Cramp Colic - Appendicitis

Crop Sickness - Overextended Stomach

Croup Laryngitis - diphtheria, or strep throat

Cyanosis - Dark skin color from lack of oxygen in blood

Cynanche - Diseases of throat

Cystitis - Inflammation of the bladder

Day Fever - Fever lasting one day; sweating sickness

Debility - Lack of movement or staying in bed

Decrepitude - Feebleness due to old age

Delirium tremens - Hallucinations due to alcoholism

Dengue - Infectious fever endemic to East Africa

Dentition - Cutting of teeth

Deplumation - Tumor of the eyelids which causes hair loss

Diary Fever - A fever that lasts one day

Diptheria - Contagious disease of the throat

Distemper - Usually animal disease with malaise, discharge from nose and throat, anorexia

Dock Fever - Yellow fever

Dropsy - Edema (swelling), often caused by kidney disease (Glomeruleonephsitis) or heart disease

Dropsy of the Brain - Encephalitis

Dry Bellyache - Lead poisoning

Dyscrasy - An abnormal body condition

Dysentery - Inflammation of colon with frequent passage

Dysorexy - Reduced appetite of mucous and blood.

Dyspepsia - Indigestion and heartburn. Heart attack symptoms.

Dysury - Difficulty in urination

Eclampsy - Symptoms of epilepsy, convulsions during labor

Ecstasy - A form of catalepsy characterized by loss of reason

Edema Nephrosis - swelling of tissues

Edema of lungs - Congestive heart failure, a form of dropsy

Eel thing - Erysipelas

Elephantiasis - A form of leprosy

Encephalitis - Swelling of brain; aka sleeping sickness

Enteric Fever - Typhoid fever

Enterocolitis - Inflammation of the intestines

Enteritis - Inflations of the bowels

Epitaxis - Nose bleed

Erysipelas - Contagious skin disease, due to Streptococci with vesicular and bulbous lesions.

Extravasted Blood - Rupture of a blood vessel.

Falling sickness - Epilepsy

Fatty Liver - Cirrhosis of liver

Fits - Sudden attack or seizure of muscle activity.

Flux - An excessive flow or discharge of fluid like hemorrhage or diarrhea.

Flux of Humour - Circulation.

French Pox - Syphilis

Gathering - A collection of pus

Glandular Fever - Mononucleosis

Great Pox - Syphilis

Green Fever / Sickness - Anemia

Grippe / Grip - Influenza like symptoms

Grocer's Itch - Skin disease caused by mites in sugar or flour

Heart Sickness - Condition caused by loss of salt from body

Heat Stroke - Body temperature elevates because of surrounding environment temperature and body does not perspire to reduce temperature. Coma and death result if not reversed

Hectical Complaint - Recurrent fever

Hematemesis - Vomiting blood

Hematuria - Bloody urine

Hemiplegy - Paralysis of one side of body

Hip Gout - Osteomylitis

Horrors - Delirium tremens

Hydrocephalus - Enlarged head, water on the brain

Hydropericardium - Heart dropsy

Hydrophobia - Rabies

Hydrothroax - Dropsy in chest

Hypertrophic - Enlargement of organ, like the heart

Impetigo - Contagious skin disease characterized by pustules

Inanition - Physical condition resulting from lack of food

Infantile Paralysis - Polio Intestinal colic Abdominal pain due to improper diet

Jail Fever - Typhus

Jaundice - Condition caused by blockage of intestines

King's Evil - Tuberculosis of neck and lymph glands

Kruchhusten - Whooping cough

Lagrippe - Influenza.

Lockjaw - Tetanus or infectious disease affecting the muscles of the neck and jaw. Untreated, it is fatal in 8 days.

Long Sickness - Tuberculosis.

Lues Disease - Syphilis.

Lues Venera - Venereal disease.

Lumbago - Back pain.

Lung Fever - Pneumonia

Lung Sickness - Tuberculosis

Lying in - Time of delivery of infant.

Malignant Sore Throat - Diphtheria.

Mania - Insanity.

Marasmus - Progressive wasting away of body, like malnutrition.

Membranous - Croup Diphtheria

Meningitis - Inflations of brain or spinal cord

Metritis - Inflammation of uterus or purulent vaginal discharge

Miasma - Poisonous vapors thought to infect the air

Milk Fever - Disease from drinking contaminated milk, like undulant fever or brucellosis

Milk Leg - Post partum thrombophlebitis

Milk Sickness - Disease from milk of cattle which had eaten poisonous weeds

Mormal - Gangrene

Morphew - Scurvy blisters on the body

Mortification - Gangrene of necrotic tissue

Myelitis - Inflammation of the spine

Myocarditis - Inflammation of heart muscles

Necrosis - Mortification of bones or tissue

Nephrosis - Kidney degeneration

Nepritis - Inflammation of kidneys

Nervous Prostration - Extreme exhaustion from inability to control physical and mental activities

Neuralgia - Described as discomfort, such as "Headache" was neuralgia in head

Nostalgia - Homesickness.

Palsy - Paralysis or uncontrolled movement of controlled muscles. It was listed as "Cause of death"

Paroxysm - Convulsion

Pemphigus - Skin disease of watery blisters

Pericarditis - Inflammation of heart

Peripneumonia - Inflammation of lungs

Peritonotis - Inflammation of abdominal area

Petechial Fever - Fever characterized by skin spotting Puerperal exhaustion Death due to child birth

Phthiriasis - Lice infestation Phthisis Chronic wasting away or a name for tuberculosis

Plague - An acute febrile highly infectious disease with a high fatality rate

Pleurisy - Any pain in the chest area with each breath

Podagra - Gout

Poliomyelitis  - Polio

Potter's Asthma - Fibroid pthisis

Pott's Disease - Tuberculosis of spine

Puerperal Exhaustion - Death due to childbirth

Puerperal Fever - Elevated temperature after giving birth to an infant

Puking Fever - Milk sickness

Putrid Fever - Diphtheria.

Quinsy - Tonsillitis.

Remitting Fever - Malaria

Rheumatism - Any disorder associated with pain in joints Rickets Disease of skeletal system

Rose Cold - Hay fever or nasal symptoms of an allergy.

Rotanny Fever - (Child's disease) ???

Rubeola - German measles

Sanguineous Crust - Scab

Scarlatina - Scarlet fever

Scarlet Fever - A disease characterized by red rash

Scarlet Rash - Roseola

Sciatica Rheumatism in the hips

Scirrhus - Cancerous tumors

Scotomy - Dizziness, nausea and dimness of sight

Scrivener's palsy - Writer's cramp

Screws - Rheumatism

Scrofula - Tuberculosis of neck lymph glands. Progresses slowly with abscesses and fistulas develop. Young person's disease

Scrumpox - Skin disease, impetigo

Scurvy - Lack of vitamin C. Symptoms of weakness, spongy gums and hemorrhages under skin

Septicemia - Blood poisoning

Shakes - Delirium tremens

Shaking - Chills, ague

Shingles - Viral disease with skin blisters

Ship Fever - Typhus

Siriasis - Inflammation of the brain due to sun exposure

Sloes - Milk sickness Small pox Contagious disease with fever and blisters Softening of brain Result of stroke or hemorrhage in the brain, with an end result of the tissue softening in that area

Sore Throat Distemper - Diphtheria or quinsy

Spanish Influenza - Epidemic influenza

Spasms - Sudden involuntary contraction of muscle or group of muscles, like a convulsion

Spina Bifida - Deformity of spine

Spotted Fever - Either typhus or meningitis

Sprue - Tropical disease characterized by intestinal disorders and sore throat

St. Anthony's Fire - Also erysipelas, but named so because of affected skin areas are bright red in appearance

St. Vitas Dance - Ceaseless occurrence of rapid complex jerking movements performed involuntary

Stomatitis - Inflammation of the mouth

Stranger's Fever - Yellow fever

Strangery - Rupture

Sudor Anglicus - Sweating sickness

Summer Complaint - Diarrhea, usually in infants caused by spoiled milk.

Sunstroke - Uncontrolled elevation of body temperature due to environment heat.  Lack of sodium in the body is a predisposing cause.

Swamp Sickness - Could be malaria, typhoid or encephalitis

Sweating Sickness - Infectious and fatal disease common to UK in 15th century

Tetanus - Infectious fever characterized by high fever, headache and dizziness

Thrombosis - Blood clot inside blood vessel

Thrush - Childhood disease characterized by spots on mouth, lips and throat

Tick Fever - Rocky mountain spotted fever

Toxemia of Pregnancy - Eclampsia

Trench Mouth - Painful ulcers found along gum line, Caused by poor nutrition and poor hygiene

Tussis Convulsiva - Whooping cough

Typhus - Infectious fever characterized high fever, headache, and dizziness

Variola - Smallpox

Venesection - Bleeding

Viper's Dance - St. Vitus Dance

Water on Brain - Enlarged head

White Swelling - Tuberculosis of the bone
Note: a contributor to the site wrote "(after conferring with personnel at Scott and White) that "white swelling:" should be listed as DVT instead of TB of the bone." DVT means deep vein thrombosis. 

Winter Fever - Pneumonia

Womb Fever - Infection of the uterus.

Worm Fit - Convulsions associated with teething, worms, elevated temperature or diarrhea.

Yellowjacket - Yellow fever.

Mortality Schedules

The following helpful information concerning Mortality Schedules is quoted from The Researcher's Guide to American Genealogy by Val D. Greenwood.

Beginning with the 1850 census, the first to enumerate every person in the individual households, the persons in charge conceived the idea that a certain amount of useful vital (birth, marriage, death) information could be collected through the census medium.  This was the beginning of mortality schedules.  A separate schedule was thus devised in compliance with an act of Congress.  This schedule was for the purpose of collecting data about persons who had died during the census year.  These mortality censuses exist for the years of 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880 and the limited census of 1885.

In 1918 and 1919 these schedules, with the exception of those for 1885, were removed from federal custody and each state was given the option of securing the ones relating to itself.  Those not claimed by the states were given to the National Society of the Daughters of the American Revolution and were placed in the Society's library in Washington D.C.  Those original schedules held by the DAR are for the states of Arizona, Colorado, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Tennessee and the District of Columbia.  The limited census of 1885 (Colorado, Dakota Territory, Florida, Nebraska and New Mexico Territory) are in the National Archives except those for Dakota which are in the library of the North Dakota State Historical Society at Bismark.

The Texas State Archives in Austin, Texas has the original Mortality Schedules for Texas for the years of 1850, 1860, 1870, and 1880.  Microfilm copies can be found in the Texas State Library in Austin.

Navarro County TXGenWeb
Copyright March, 2009
Edward L. Williams & Barbara Knox