Brown Gilbreath was born in Columbia , TN. His parents were
John Alexander and Mary Agnes (Matthews)
Gilbreath. He graduated with honors from the Columbia High School and
later from the Columbia Military Academy . He afterward attended the
University of Texas . A young man of strong character, high ideas and
noble purpose he was an inspiration to all who knew him.
He was living in Texas
where he was working as a teaching instructor for the United States
Government at the State Orphan Home in Corsicana at the time he signed
the WWI Registration Card. He was single, medium height and build with
blue eyes and blonde hair.
He trained at Camp Travis , San Antonio ,
Texas , where he received his commission as Second Lieutenant. He
belonged to 358th Infantry, 90th Division.
Gilbreath was accustomed to writing his parents on a regular basis.
However the last letter they had received was on September 24, 1918.
When word came to his parents that he was MIA since September they
feared the worst. The word spread to Navarro County as he had relatives
living in Corsicana beside all his friends he had made since his
residence here. His uncle, J. H. Gilbreath, tried to learn anything he
could however a telegram from his brother in Tennessee revealed the
certain death of his nephew. The War Department said that when the
Germans were surrendering prisoners through Berne , Switzerland , they
also transmitted Lieutenant Gilbreath’s identification tag to the
American authorities. The parents and all that knew and loved him
learned that he was killed, September 26, 1918, during a raid on the
enemy lines, and that the German’s secured his body.
This fitting memorial to Gilbreath from
Lieutenant Frank Liddell, 358th Infantry, 90th
Division was repeated in several Texas and Tennessee newspapers:
“He arrived in Liverpool on July 4th
and immediately went into action…the fighting in which the
company was engaged was particularly fierce only 37 Texans having
survived out of the original 250. This fighting took place just a few
days before the signing of the armistice. Lieut. Liddell stated that he
was the only officer left in the company of original quota and
continues, 'Capt. Peters was killed the same morning that I was wounded,
the boche got his body also Lieut. Gilbreath's, that same morning. They
were both killed some 150 yards on my left…
“This Division has won itself some reputation, has been congratulated
several times by General Pershing and Marshal Foch. We began fighting in
the middle of August and have been at it continually, except for two or
three days when we were moving from St. Mihiel to Argonne Forest . We
have been used as shock troops and not one time have we failed to reach
our objectives, but we have paid. We have been through all the hell
there is and now it is rumored that we have been chosen to go into
Germany , quite a compliment, though, of course, I think we will go over
and quiet things and then we will be relieved and sent home.
"But Lieutenant Gilbreath will not return home. He has made the
supreme sacrifice, the greatest that mortal man can make, and there is
consolation in knowing that none were braver than he, and that the enemy
saved itself from disaster by removing such as he from the great arena.
This young Maury countian was brave, he was courageous, he was inspired
by the cause for which his country was fighting; he was not being driven
into battle, but with all the force that he could command, he was
leading his men face to face with the most despicable enemy that ever
cursed the world. He died game fighting like a lion and his body was
taken by the enemy as a prize…”
Lieut. Gilbreath was survived by his parents, three sisters, Misses
Jennie and Verna Gilbreath and Mrs. W. D. Patterson of Columbia ; two
brothers, Ear1 of Trinity College, and Claude of Gulfport Military
Academy, both of whom were in training for commissions when the
armistice was signed. He also has six half brothers.”
He was among a long line of Southern boys carrying on a family tradition
of fighting and dying for the country they loved so much; Gilbreath’s
grandfather died at the Confederate Hospital near Vicksburg , MS , 22